The French-led Takuba task force of EU special forces has officially ceased operating in Mali, France announced Friday, ending an anti-jihadist effort launched in March 2020 that soured after two military coups overthrew the civilian government.
French army spokesman General Pascal Ianni told journalists that Barkhane and Takuba had showed what "Europeans can accomplish together in complicated security environments", with on-the-ground experience that would be critical for future joint operations.
But "the reorganisation of the French military presence in the Sahel ... led to the end of operations for Takuba in Mali as of June 30", he said.
Announced in late 2019, Takuba at its peak brought together nearly 900 elite troops from nine of France's allies: Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal and Sweden.
Alongside the Barkhane force that at one point reached 5,100 soldiers, Takuba aimed to train and reinforce local armies trying to counter bloody insurgencies linked to al Qaeda or the Islamic State group.
But despite tactical successes such as the killings of some top jihadist leaders, the governments of the so-called G5 Sahel nations - Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger - have struggled to curtail the attacks against both military and civilian targets.
In Mali in particular, military coups in August 2020 and May 2021 resulted in diplomatic tensions with France.
The deterioration accelerated when the ruling junta in Bamako developed closer ties with Moscow, bringing in military personnel that France says are mercenaries form Russia's Wagner Group.
Macron in February announced a full pull-out of both Barkhane and Takuba from Mali, but said French forces would remain in the Sahel in a new configuration.
It was "inevitable" that Tabuka would come to an end because Mali's ruling junta wanted "the French out and the Europeans out", FRANCE 24 terrorism expert Wassim Nasr said.
Since the French pull-out, Islamic State group-linked jihadists, whose power was once thought to be waning in the Sahel, have expanded their reach while carrying out an unprecedented series of civilian massacres.
Mali remains supported by a United Nations peacekeeping mission, MINUSMA, which has some 13,000 soldiers and nearly 2,000 police.
MINUSMA's mandate was renewed on Wednesday for a further year by the UN Security Council. However, the force no longer has French air support, the offer of which was rejected by Mali.
(FRANCE 24 with AFP)