Addressing recent reports that some countries are backing out of the United Nations global migration compact set to be adopted in December, UN General Assembly President Maria Espinosa on Wednesday defended the accord as a tool that would ensure all migrants everywhere have their rights safeguarded.
"The Compact allows enormous flexibility for countries to use the parts of the compact that can be adapted to their sovereign decisions and existing legal frameworks...it is a cooperation instrument," said Ms. Espinosa, briefing reporters at UN Headquarters in New York.
She described the Global Compact for migration as a landmark agreement which will help ensure that migrants everywhere in the world have their rights safeguarded and are treated fairly.
The compact, which is due to be adopted at a conference in Marrakesh, Morocco, in December, sets clear objectives to make migration safe, orderly and regular; addresses the concerns of signatory governments and reinforces national sovereignty; and recognizes the vulnerabilities faced by migrants.
Ms. Espinosa said that she has been encouraged by the commitment of Member States and expects the Morocco conference to be a success: "Migration is part of the way the world develops, interacts and interconnects. We have seen lately unusual migration flows that need to be tackled and addressed multilaterally. And the response is precisely the Global Compact."
As for reports that a number of countries are backing out of the agreement, the Assembly President said that the decisions of Member State governments must be respected: "We fully understand the decision of some countries that have decided they are not ready to commit, and it's perhaps because they are taking the issue migration very seriously, and they need to have greater discussions and conversations domestically."
Ms. Espinosa also highlighted the importance of the upcoming UN Climate Change Conference, known by the shorthand COP24, taking place in Katowice, Poland, this December. Describing climate change as a "survival issue," she said that urgent action on the environment is one of her priorities as President, and that the world needs to move as soon as possible towards a green economy, generating low carbon technologies, which will produce thousands more jobs, and a cultural shift in production and consumption patterns is needed if we are to keep temperatures from rising more than 1.5 Celsius.